Proofreading is the activity of checking for errors in a text carefully before it is published or shared. This is the very last stage of the writing process, when you fix minor spelling and punctuation errors, typos, formatting issues, and inconsistencies.

Proofreading is essential for any text that will be shared with readers, be it academic papers, job applications, online articles, or printed brochures. Depending on your skills and budget, you may choose to proofread the text yourself or hire a professional.